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Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

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Recently We have seen a movie named Guzaarish. That shows suffering of a Spinal Chord Injury Patient, and in some extent how dependable they are on their caregiver after such injury.

A spinal cord injury (SCI) can result from trauma, such as a motor vehicle accident, violence, or a fall; or a disease or disorder, such as a tumor or virus, that affects the spinal cord's ability to send and receive messages to and from the brain. About 200,000 people in the United States have spinal cord injuries. Most injuries occur from a traumatic event, according to the National Spinal Cord Injury Association, and most of these injuries occur in men.

A person with SCI typically has some paralysis and decreased or loss of sensation below the level of injury. Depending on the severity of a person's spinal cord injury, an occupational therapist can provide treatment in a hospital, clinic, or at home that allows the person to become as independent as possible. With proper treatment, thousands of people with SCI have continued to lead happy and productive lives.

 

 

What can an occupational therapist do?

  • Evaluate a person's ability and level of functioning in his or her home, at work, and while engaging in leisure activities and hobbies.
  • Determine how motivated a person is to participate in activities that he or she participated in prior to the injury.
  • Identify any changes in roles a person may experience as a result of SCI.
  • Provide individualized therapy to retrain people to perform daily living skills using adaptive techniques.
  • Facilitate coping skills that could help a person overcome the effects of SCI.
  • Implement exercises and routines that strengthen muscles that may have been affected that are necessary in daily activities, such as dressing, eating, and taking care of a home.
  • Determine the type of assistive devices that could help a person become more independent with daily living skills.

[Read More at AOTA]

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